Menstrual pain is the feeling of discomfort around abdomen back and thigh during menstruation phase. During menstruation the build-up lining of uterus is shed and to facilitate this shedding process muscles of womb contact and relax. Many women’s experience this movement of muscles in the form of cramp then it is called as dysmenorrhea.
This condition is extremely painful and impacts daily routine. According to the American Academy of Family Physicians 1 in every 5 women suffers from dysmenorrhea. Cramping can cause a dull or throbbing pain in the lower abdomen, and this pain gets radiated toward lower back and thighs. This pain lasts generally for 2-3 days of period. Some women experience cramps only on first day just before the onset of periods. Then eventually it subsides. It was also observed that in many women menstrual pain either reduces or completely disappears after child birth.
Menstrual pain is sometime severe and impacts the daily routine. There are various medicines available to tackle the menstrual pain however some simple home remedies are also as effective as medicines to curb menstrual pain.
1. Heat Remedy for Menstrual Pain:
Application of heat to lower abdomen relaxes the contraction of uterine muscles. Heat can be applied in various ways to relieve pain.
How to apply heat
- You can use rubber bottle filled with hot water. Place it on your lower back and abdomen. Regular plastic bottle can also be used but ensure that the temperature is not very high.
- Another way is by soaking towel with water. Then place this soaked towel in microwave. Heat it for one minute and then wrap this towel around your abdomen.
- This procedure should be repeated till you feel comfortable and relieved
- Taking hot shower will also help in making you feel relaxed and comfortable
2. Fennel Seeds Remedy for Menstrual Pain:
The antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties of fennel relaxes the muscles in the uterus, which in turn relieves cramping and discomfort.
How to use
- Take two table spoons of fennel seeds and add it to one cup of boiling water.
- Simmer the mixture on low heat for five minutes.
- Remove from heat and strain the tea.
- Add one teaspoon of honey and lemon.
- Drink this herbal tea two times daily
- For better results drink this hot
3. Ginger Remedy for Menstrual Pain:
Ginger is a wonder herb that can effectively ease menstrual cramps. This herb plays a key role in lowering the levels of the pain-causing prostaglandins. It also helps fight fatigue associated with premenstrual syndrome
How to use
- Take an inch of ginger and mash it to make smooth paste
- Now add lemon juice and rock salt to it
- Add carrom (Ajwain) seeds to this mixture and eat this mixture regularly during your period.
- Another way ginger can be added to your diet by taking ginger powder and adding sugar to it.
- You can take pinch of this powder after every hour
- Fresh ginger can also be grated and cooked with sugar syrup till it becomes thick as jelly.
- This can be then refrigerated and consumed during periods. Adding lemon juice to this mixture will add to the taste by increasing its tanginess.
4. Herbal Tea Remedy for Menstrual Pain
Drinking tea relaxes you and your muscles thus it works as comforter. Some of the herbal tea that you can drink is Chamomile teas, ginger tea, peppermint tea, lavender tea, green tea, lemongrass tea, and cardamom tea.
How to use
- Take two table spoons of tea and add it to a cup of water
- Add ginger or chamomile or peppermint as per your taste and let the mixture simmer
- Strain and add honey as sweetener
- Sip this tea slowly till you feel relaxed
- You can use different variants of herbal tea and can drink 4-5 times a day
- Avoid adding excessive sugar
5. Basil Remedy for Menstrual Pain
Basil is another very effective herb for reducing menstrual pain and cramps. The caffeic acid present in basil has analgesic, or pain-killing properties.
How to use
- Add one tablespoon of basil leaves to one cup of boiling water.
- Drink this every few hours to ease cramps.
- Alternatively, crush a handful of basil leaves to extract the juice. Add two teaspoons of the juice to one cup of warm water. Drink this three times daily while having pain.
- You can directly chew fresh basil leaves or add to your food
6. Cinnamon Remedy for Menstrual Pain:
Cinnamon has antispasmodic, anticlotting and anti-inflammatory properties that can relieve menstrual pain. Plus, cinnamon is an excellent source of dietary fiber, calcium, iron and manganese.
How to use
- Take half tea spoon of cinnamon powder and add it to a cup of hot water
- Let it settle for five minutes and sweeten it by adding honey
- Add fresh lime to this mixture and sip it slowly
- Start drinking this mixture one to two days before your period starts to prevent cramps
- Alternatively mix honey with cinnamon powder and make paste out of it
- Apply this paste to bread and eat during your periods to relieve pain
7. Sesame Oil and Seeds Remedy for Menstrual Pain:
Sesame oil is rich in minerals like copper, manganese, calcium and magnesium. Calcium helps in reducing muscle cramps.
How to use
- You can use sesame oil for cooking during your menstrual cycle
- Add sesame oil to the salads
- Roast sesame seeds and flax seeds and eat them at regular intervals
- Flaxseed (contains omega-3s with antioxidant properties, which reduce swelling and inflammation)
8. Fenugreek seeds Remedy for Menstrual Pain:
Fenugreek seeds have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, which reduces pain caused by menstruation. It also helps in reducing instances of nausea, headache and fatigue.
How to use
- Soak one table spoon fenugreek seeds for about an hour
- Blend this with yoghurt and make smooth paste
- Add honey and lemon to this paste and eat this paste twice a day
9. Cumin seeds Remedy for Menstrual Pain:
Cumin seeds have carmative and digestive properties. It reduces flatulence and is also antispasmodic. As it reduces spasms it helps in reducing menstrual pain
How to use
- Take 4 table spoon of cumin seeds and roast them
- Add one table spoon of dry ginger powder and 1/4 tablespoon of rock salt
- Take half teaspoon of this powder 10 minutes before taking meals
- This helps to evacuate the flatus, stimulate the digestive fire, reduce the abdominal distention
- Alternatively you can roast cumin seeds and make powder out of it and add jaggery to it.
- Add pinch of rock salt and make round balls of 5 gm each.
- Start consuming this bolus two or three day before menstrual cycle. Continue to eat these balls atleast two times a day for the entire cycle.
Diet during menstruations:
Take diet that is rich in vitamins. Eat papaya which is rich in vitamins. Consume brown rice as it has vitamin B-6 that will help in reducing bloating associated with menstrual pain. Eating banana will also help as it contains potassium that will help in easing bowel movements.
Avoid diet that can cause acidity or bloating. Avoid vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower and brinjal. These vegetables lead to bloating which furhter increases abdominal pain. Take sufficient rest and avoid doing strenuous activity during your cycle. Avoid eating fast food or food that is difficult to digest. Also avoid alcohol and caffeine. Caffeine is vasco -constrictor it constricts you blood vessels and thus will further tighten your uterus. Eat walnuts, almonds, and pumpkin seeds as they are rich in magnesium.
Menstrual pain varies from person to person. There are extreme hormonal changes in your body during your cycle. Therefore mood swings and feeling of low esteem can be observed. Therefore eating balanced diet taking sufficient rest will relieve stress. As menstrual cycle is regular phenomenon be prepared in advance with ways to tackle. Avoid taking strong pain killers as tin long run they may have negative side effects. You can use some or all the remedies to tackle menstrual pain.